Drama gong is a drama in which combines the modern theater (West) with traditional theater (Bali) created by the artist Bali named Anak Agung Gede Raka Payadnya of village Abianbase (Gianyar) on 1966. The drama gong itself was originally named drama classic because still strong dominance of traditional Balinese arts in drama gong. Name of drama gong began to be used by I Gusti Bagus Nyoman Panji to call this folk art in this art because he thinks there are two basic elements of the elements of drama and gamelan gong sound accompaniment Kebyar on every movement of players as well as the atmosphere of dramatic transition.
The gamelan jegog is one of the most impressive sounding ensembles in the world. It is an orchestra of bamboo marimbas, with keys (tubes) ranging from small to gigantic. The largest tubes, up to three meters long, are used for the bass jegog, for which the ensemble is named.
The resonant bass tones of the gamelan jegog can be hear heard a kilometer or more away in the (increasingly rare) quiet areas of Bali. Many unique forms of interlocking figuration have been developed for jegog, weaving complex melodic textures entirely within a strange four-tone scale, used for no other gamelan in Bali.
Melasti Ceremony is a Hindu religious ceremony to purify Bhuana Alit (small world) and Bhuana Agung (the universe). This ceremony is performed with a parade procession followed by thousand of Hindu people by bringing all the equipment ceremonies and the symbol of gods to the sea or other water sources that are believed by Hindus as a place to purify all the elements of this universe.
One of the most important of ritual dance in Bali, is the Baris. Baris derives its name from the word bebarisan, which literally means a line of file of formation. It refers to the ancient Balinese soldiers who were used by raja-raja , (the Balinese King ) to protect their kingdom in times of disturbance. Aside from its ritual function, the baris is also known as a patriotic or warrior drill dance. As a rule the dance is performed by men, usually in a group numbering from four to sixty dancers.
After the ceremonies ended, several groups of people sitting cross-legged and form a circle. In the center served a mound of rice and side dishes on the tray. They eat a bite after bite of the order. Meal interspersed with light chatter. This is the culture of eating style Karangasem, Bali, called megibung.
The word Angklung originated from two words angka and lung. Angka means “tone”, and lung means “broken” or “lost”. Angklung then means as an incomplete tone.
Angklung is a musical instrument made out of two bamboo tubes attached to a bamboo frame. The tubes are carved so that they have a resonant pitch when struck. The two tubes are tuned to octaves. The base of the frame is held with one hand while the other hand shakes the instrument rapidly from side to side. This causes a rapidly repeating note to sound. Thus each of three or more angklung performers in an ensemble will play just one note and together complete melodies are produced.Angklung is popular throughout Southeast Asia, but originated fromIndonesia and it has been used and played by the Sundanese since the ancient times.
For those who’ve been to Bali probably often hear names like Made, Wayan, Komang, Ni Luh and others. These names have an historical meaning and used by the society in bali till now.
We begin first with the designations I and Ni in the names of the people of Bali. The letter I in front of the name Wayan for example, is appellative for male. While the word for female is Ni. I and Ni also means a man and a woman from a family of common people, not caste or so-called “jaba” .
Mekare kare or pandan leaves war is performend during the Village ngusaba ceremony every year in honor of Lord Indra ( the god of war ). Usually this ceremony held on month of June in the village of Tenganan near to Candidasa, east of Bali. The Tenganan village surround with hills, rice paddies and keep from the outside influence by a solid rock with just four entrances to the central village.
The history of the festival which is the most important festival for the gods and ancestor was coming from their megalithic period. To the people of Tenganan the presence of deities and ancestors is of great significant above all during the fifth month of Tenganan year, the Sasih Sambah where it is believe that the universe, the village and their religious community are renewed and given strength through the performance of extensive rites such as the pandan leaves war.
The mekare kare ceremony held at the front meeting hall in the village and usually held two days once a year. The time of the event usually around 2pm where every villagers with their custom clothing flocking to the meeting hall.
The thorny pandan leaves ties together and with a shiled made from rattan they performe a battle with each other. The ritual started by drinking palm wine and then the wine poured on a banana leaf cup. Each one get its own cup and then each one poured their wine to other banana cups where in the end disposed laterally into the ground.
After the ceremony open by elders than one by one the people of Tenganan ready face to face with pandan leaves in their right hand and a shield on their left hand. The fight will use the thorny pandan leaves to hit the opponents on their back, waist and sometimes on their neck and face. The fight did not last very long, around a minute and each one of the villagers will get their chances including kids. The whole fight last around three hours. The scar left by the fight then treated with traditional medicine usually made from saffron.
The event followed with a swinging rites which is reminiscent of old vedic swinging rites performed during the Mahabharata winter solstice celebration which entirely focus on Indra. The swinging is like a symbol of the unite between the sun and earth. From this event it is suggests that the Tenganan may be connected with an immigration from east or southeast India during Vedic times. The ceremony ended by praying together at local temple and performing a Rejang dance.
Bali still keep the rich tradition and culture of our ancestors are still preserved until only one such raid now. Mekotek or often called Mekotekan Munggu Village, Mengwi District, Badung Regency which still remains to this day the feast is celebrated in this Mekotek raided Kuningan Day. Prosesi followed by 12 local people of Munggu village. Mekotekan raid is a ritual that uses wood usually means the most widely used of the pulet type and played together to celebrate the victory of Dharma ( goodness ) against adharma ( evil ).
Wayang is an Indonesian word for theatre (literally “shadow”).When the term is used to refer to kinds of puppet theater, sometimes the puppet itself is referred to as wayang. Performances of shadow puppet theater are accompanied by gamelan in Java, and by “gender wayang” in Bali.