Drama gong is a drama in which combines the modern theater (West) with traditional theater (Bali) created by the artist Bali named Anak Agung Gede Raka Payadnya of village Abianbase (Gianyar) on 1966. The drama gong itself was originally named drama classic because still strong dominance of traditional Balinese arts in drama gong. Name of drama gong began to be used by I Gusti Bagus Nyoman Panji to call this folk art in this art because he thinks there are two basic elements of the elements of drama and gamelan gong sound accompaniment Kebyar on every movement of players as well as the atmosphere of dramatic transition.
The performance of drama gong itself is usually classic and romantic stories which derive from Balinese folklore itself as Panji (Malat) and outside of Balinese culture as Sampek Engtai story and stories like. And like the drama generally, the drama gong not perform the art of dance in every time, but acting to include verbal dialogues and speak Balinese.
There are actor considered important in a drama gong itself, among others:
- Raja manis (Sweet King)
- Raja buduh (Crazy King)
- Putri manis (Sweet Princess)
- Putri buduh (Crazy Princess)
- Raja tua (Oldest King)
- Permaisuri (The Empress)
- Patih keras (Hard Vice Regent)
- Patih tua (Oldest Vice Regent)
- Dua pasang punakawan (Couple Clown)
Should You Know:
Each of the gong performers is always dressed in traditional Bali, in accordance with the level of the social status of the role performed and every movement of players, as well as the dramatic swings in the play is accompanied by the changes in the rhythm of the Gong Kebyar instrument. Although always wearing traditional dress for the actor and often staged for ceremonial and religious purposes of drama gong remains a secular art because it can be performed where and at any time as needed. Therefore do not be surprised if later drama gong performance is only perform that imposes a ticket system for the audience because previously artistry show for the local community was never in the commercial form. Drama Gong began to develop in Bali around 1967 and its peak around 1970. At that time the Balinese traditional arts such as Arja, Mask and others left by the audience which start fondness Drama Gong. Large platforms that had become subscription-Arja is suddenly taken over by Drama Gong. But since the mid-1980s this art began to decline in popularity, today there are about 6 Drama Gong group is still active.