Balinese people who are generally hospitable, with a pattern of Bhineka or pluralism life and not too much rule or fanatical to a understand, have customs that they always hold firm in everyday life so that they can live with peace. Who knows for you who happened to first come to this Thousand Islands temple, whether it’s for holidays, office assignments, study or business, there is a need to know some things about the habits of the community, in addition to possible beautiful attractions along the way are also unique habits which are interesting.
The island of Bali covers 2,243 square miles (5,808 square kilometers), an area slightly larger than the state of Delaware. Its population of three million is, however, three times as high as that of Delaware. The island has an unbroken east–west chain of volcanoes and a narrow plain along the north coast. A series of valleys stretches south to the Indian Ocean.
The Balinese speak an Austronesian language whose closest relative is Sasak, the language of Lombok. Although now they increasingly use Latin letters, their traditional script was a distinct version of the Javanese alphabet.
The Balinese language has a system of politeness levels. The High language is spoken only to Brahmana priests. The Middle(madia)or Refined(halus)level is used when addressing people of high social status, older people, or one’s parents. The Low(rendah)or Ordinary(biasa)level serves for talking to those one considers of equal or inferior status.
One common way of referring to adults is by a name that identifies them in relation to a child or grandchild, such as “Father(Pan)of,” “Mother(Men)of,” or “Grandfather(Kak)of.” The Balinese also have a custom of assigning names according to birth order. For example, in Sudra families, the firstborn child will receive the name “Wayan”; the second, “Made”; the third, “Nyoman”; the fourth, “Ketut”; and the fifth, “Putu.”
Leyakare witches who are ordinary people by day but who are believed to leave their bodies at night. They take many different shapes (a monkey, a bird, a disembodied head, a ghostly light). They can cause disease or crop failure, or poison food. Amulets (charms) ormantra(incantations) acquired from a priest or shamancan combat them.
Unlike the vast majority of Indonesians, the Balinese are not Muslim but Hindu (except for tiny Christian and Buddhist minorities). Their Hinduism combines the Indian model with elements of native religion. The object of their religious practices is to maintain a balance between good and evil forces. Thus, Balinese make offerings to both gods and demons. They recognize a wide range of supernatural beings, including demons, ancestral spirits, and divinities such as the sun god Surya and the rice goddess Dewi Sri.
The Balinese family lives in a walled compound(uma)inhabited by a group of brothers and their respective families. Within it, grouped around a central courtyard, are separate buildings for cooking, storing rice, keeping pigs, and sleeping. Each compound has a shrine(sanggah).A thatcadpavilion(bale)serves for meetings and ceremonies. A walled-in pavilion(bale daja)stores family heirlooms. Rivers serve for toilet and bathing functions.